WAYS TO IMPROVE THE SYSTEM OF STATE REGULATION OF THE FOREST SECTOR IN THE CONDITIONS OF WAR AND EUROPEAN INTEGRATION
Keywords:forestry, forest, European integration, economy, war
Forests are an important segment of the country's economy, which is seriously suffering due to active military operations. The shelling caused many fires, some of which started in the "emerald belt" – nature conservation areas. In addition, a large number of destroyed forests were artificially planted, which eliminates the possibility of their natural restoration.
At the same time, wood remains important for exports that support our country's economy in this difficult time, and a resource for construction materials that will be needed in huge quantities to rebuild the destroyed infrastructure.
This is what determines the need for the fastest possible improvement of the state system of regulation of the forest sector, taking into account modern challenges and needs, as well as the European integration processes that are actively taking place in the country.
The content of the modern regulation system of the forestry sector is revealed in the article. The main problems of the functioning of the system of regulating the activities of forest sector entities operating in Ukraine are highlighted. The experience of European countries regarding the reform of the forest management system is considered and the expediency of its implementation in domestic practice is substantiated.
To reveal the research topic, a thorough analysis of Ukrainian and foreign scientific, legislative and journalistic sources was carried out. This made it possible to come to the conclusion that in order to improve the functioning of the domestic forest sector, it is necessary to: to diversify the methods and tools of fiscal and credit stimulation of business in the forest sector; use innovative methods and technologies in the management of forestry and woodworking business; apply the tools of preferential taxation in the case of implementation of projects to increase the level of utilization of non-liquid wood, sawn residues, lumpy waste, sawdust and shavings; to stimulate the production of biofuel based on the processing of wood waste; carry out a comprehensive review of laws and by-laws regulating forest relations, with the aim of bringing them into line with the legislative framework of the European Union; use benchmarking, factoring and fundraising technologies.
These conclusions were obtained as a result of the analysis of the Ukrainian experience of reforming the system of state regulation of the forest sector and potential directions for its further transformation into the conditions of European integration and reconstruction of Ukraine.
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